Panhala or Panhalgad is located in the north-west of Kolhapur. It is about 20 km away from Kolhapur & located 1000 feet above than Kolhapur. Also it is at 3130 feet above than sea level. This is one of the important forts in Maharashtra. This is roughly triangular in shape having circumference about 7.25 km. Half circumference of Fort is protected by strong stone wall & another half is protected by natural scarp reinforced by parapet wall. There are many ruined memorials in the fort.
Panhala fort was billed by Shilahara ruler Bhoja II in between 1178 to 1209 AD. He was held a court at panhala fort in between 1191 to 1192 AD. In the year 1659, Shivaji Maharaj (King of Maratha Empire) took this fort from Bijapur (After death of Bijapur general Afjal Khan). Siddi Johar the commander of Bijapur was seized from Shivaji. From the year 1673 AD the fort is remained in Maratha Empire.
What to see on the fort:
- Rajwada (Palace): This is the palace of the Tarabai.
- SajjaKothi: This is the place from which Sambhaji Maharaj ruled this area.
- Rajdindi: This is the only way from Panhala which goes to Vishalgad. Using this way Shivaji Maharaj escape from encircle of Siddi Johar.
- Char Darwaja: This is the door in East side of the fort which is destroyed by British in 1844 AD.
- Mahalaxmi Temple: This is the oldest temple on the fort. This temple was build about 1000 years ago.
- Teen Darwaja: This door is in west side of the Fort. Using this door Kondoji Farjad won this fort with the help of only 60 soldiers in 1676 AD.
- Statue of Tanaji Malusare
How to Reach:
By Air: Nearest Airport is at Kolhapur (20 km).
By Train: Nearest railway station is also at Kolhapur.
By Road: There is regular bus service to Panhala from Kolhapur. Also Kolhapur city buses provide regular service to Panhala.